Air-Sea

sensible heat and evaporation fluxes in the Arctic Ocean
April 19, 2018

Researchers conclude that changes in sensible heat transfer and evaporation fluxes — in response to strong regional trends in sea ice cover — are becoming increasingly consequential to Arctic climate variability and change. 

Monthly mean standardized SST anomalies
April 2, 2018

Using satellite observations from 1982–2017, researchers found that SSTs and global atmospheric teleconnection patterns are significantly correlated to both the Antarctic and the Southern Oscillations.

Southern ocean carbon flux to the atmosphere
January 18, 2018

To better understand climate variability and the Southern Ocean, researchers estimate spatial correlations of ocean properties to reveal how many observing platforms are necessary to adequately observe carbon and heat.

Sensitivity of the zonal winds in the Arctic
January 4, 2018

New research shows that regional Arctic temperature swings can influence jet stream positions and speeds but only account for a small fraction of the jet variations, implying other factors are crucial for predicting jet stream behavior. 

Atlantic hurricanes
December 11, 2017

Using observations and a coupled Earth system model, a new study shows that the decline of the Atlantic major hurricane frequency during 2005–2015 is associated with a weakening of the AMOC.

Observed ocean-atmosphere anomaly patterns multi-year La Niña event
November 28, 2017

New findings could improve our ability to predict both the strength and duration of US droughts caused by La Niña.

A Southern Ocean polynya
November 2, 2017

Researchers observed a natural, regular, multidecadal oscillation between periods of Southern Ocean open-sea convection, which can act a release valve for the ocean’s heat, and non-convective periods.

modes of the Hadley cell and ENSO
September 29, 2017

As the decadal ENSO cycle transitions to a warm phase, a new study expects accelerated global warming and a “hiatus” in Hadley Cell expansion. 

Ocean Circulation Plays an Important Role in Absorbing Carbon from the Atmosphere, NASA GSFC
June 29, 2017

NASA and MIT scientists found that gases are more easily absorbed over time than heat. As the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) slows down, the ocean absorbs less of both atmospheric gases and heat, though its ability to absorb heat is more greatly reduced.

sea surface height anomalies and upper-ocean temperature from the NOAA Kuroshio Extension Observatory
April 26, 2017

Approximately seven years of daily-averaged autonomous CO2 observations from NOAA’s Kuroshio Extension Observatory surface mooring were used to close the mixed-layer carbon budget, finding high rates of net community production during the spring bloom period.

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