Air-Sea

Atmospheric river moisture transport to the West Coast of the US
July 2, 2018

Researchers found that atmospheric rivers that impact the West Coast contain more tropical moisture than average, indicating that long-distance transport of tropical moisture does occur.

Hurricane Harvey and Louisiana flood
June 18, 2018

Regional model simulations suggest that post-1980 warming in both the ocean and atmosphere resulted in an estimated 20% increase of the accumulated precipitation for Hurricane Harvey. 

sensible heat and evaporation fluxes in the Arctic Ocean
April 19, 2018

Researchers conclude that changes in sensible heat transfer and evaporation fluxes — in response to strong regional trends in sea ice cover — are becoming increasingly consequential to Arctic climate variability and change. 

Monthly mean standardized SST anomalies
April 2, 2018

Using satellite observations from 1982–2017, researchers found that SSTs and global atmospheric teleconnection patterns are significantly correlated to both the Antarctic and the Southern Oscillations.

Southern ocean carbon flux to the atmosphere
January 18, 2018

To better understand climate variability and the Southern Ocean, researchers estimate spatial correlations of ocean properties to reveal how many observing platforms are necessary to adequately observe carbon and heat.

Sensitivity of the zonal winds in the Arctic
January 4, 2018

New research shows that regional Arctic temperature swings can influence jet stream positions and speeds but only account for a small fraction of the jet variations, implying other factors are crucial for predicting jet stream behavior. 

Atlantic hurricanes
December 11, 2017

Using observations and a coupled Earth system model, a new study shows that the decline of the Atlantic major hurricane frequency during 2005–2015 is associated with a weakening of the AMOC.

Observed ocean-atmosphere anomaly patterns multi-year La Niña event
November 28, 2017

New findings could improve our ability to predict both the strength and duration of US droughts caused by La Niña.

A Southern Ocean polynya
November 2, 2017

Researchers observed a natural, regular, multidecadal oscillation between periods of Southern Ocean open-sea convection, which can act a release valve for the ocean’s heat, and non-convective periods.

modes of the Hadley cell and ENSO
September 29, 2017

As the decadal ENSO cycle transitions to a warm phase, a new study expects accelerated global warming and a “hiatus” in Hadley Cell expansion. 

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