modeling hindcasts and projections of sea level rise and overturning circulation
August 4, 2017

A new study helps clarify how past and future coastal sea level changes are related to local winds and large-scale ocean circulation.

Differences between preindustrial (left) and LGM (right) ocean circulation
July 26, 2017

A recent study investigates the drivers of changes in deep ocean circulation across a range of modern and Last Glacial Maximum (~21000 years ago) climate modeling simulations, revealing biases in Antarctic sea ice formation. 

Ocean Circulation Plays an Important Role in Absorbing Carbon from the Atmosphere, NASA GSFC
June 29, 2017

NASA and MIT scientists found that gases are more easily absorbed over time than heat. As the Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation (AMOC) slows down, the ocean absorbs less of both atmospheric gases and heat, though its ability to absorb heat is more greatly reduced.

SAMOC time series at four latitudes in the South Atlantic
May 8, 2017

A new study reconstructs a century-long South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation index, from 1870 to present, finding it is highly correlated to the observational-based SAMOC time series and the Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation is the leading mode of variability.

AMOC RCP4.5 and 8.5
January 19, 2017

A new study shows that the AMOC is more sensitive to warming, including changes in the atmospheric hydrological cycle, than Greenland Ice Sheet melting. However, Greenland Ice Sheet melt further increases the projected AMOC weakening.

Agulhas leakage, not salinity, linked to the Atlantic meridional circulation slowdown
December 28, 2016

A new study concludes that the likely source of changes in heat that caused the recent slowdown in the AMOC was from a decrease in the Agulhas Leakage and that changes in convection in the subpolar North Atlantic was an unlikely contributor.

Currents and rainfall around Florida
August 10, 2016

Robust surface ocean currents around Peninsular Florida, namely the Loop and the Florida Currents, are shown to affect the terrestrial wet season of Peninsular Florida. New research shows that differences in the ocean bathymetry (or topography) of two novel numerical climate model integrations can influence the ocean currents and their impact on regional climate.

Sea ice thickness
July 13, 2016

Recent trends in sea ice have been studied heavily. A less well-understood problem is how sea ice affects the underlying ocean, particularly the poorly observed Southern Ocean. A new study, published in the journal Nature Geoscience, shows how the seasonal drift of Antarctic sea ice may be more important for the global ocean overturning circulation than previously realized.

Model showing lag correlations with temperature
July 8, 2016

The Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO) is a naturally occurring pattern of sea surface temperature change that is seen in the North Atlantic Ocean on decadal timescales and affects weather and climate. Some have suggested that the AMO is a consequence of variable large-scale ocean circulation. Yet new research by Clement and coauthors suggest otherwise.

Ocean models for the AMO index
June 28, 2016

In a recent technical comment, Zhang et al. show that ocean dynamics play a central role in the Atlantic Multidecadal Oscillation (AMO), and the previous claims that “the AMO is a thermodynamic response of the ocean mixed layer to stochastic atmospheric forcing, and ocean circulation changes have no role in causing the AMO” are not justified.


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