Pacific Ocean

ENSO and droughts and flooding
November 4, 2015

In the future, the Pacific Ocean's temperature cycles could disrupt more than just December fishing. Known collectively as the El Niño Southern Oscillation, or ENSO, the changing seasonal phenomena known as El Niño and La Niña could lead to at least a doubling of extreme droughts and floods in California later this century.

tropical Pacific decadal trends
October 27, 2015

Earth’s surface air temperature has significantly increased over the 20th century, although this overall global warming has been punctuated by periods of weaker/stalled warming or even cooling. Research suggests shifts in the circulation of the Pacific Ocean and atmosphere have played a key role in the present hiatus’ development.

Coral reefs Guam
October 5, 2015

Over the coming decades, the tropical Pacific is likely to experience more extreme sea level swings on timescales of several years. The culprit is a change in the El Niño-Southern Oscillation and its characteristic Pacific wind response, according to a new study using CMIP5 climate change projections.

Sea surface temperatures Pacific Ocean 2015
May 20, 2015

As of spring 2015, a wide strip of relatively warm water was present along the entire West Coast of North America. The causes and effects of this warm ocean water event is sometimes referred to as the “blob” and are the results of a new paper in Geophysical Research Letters.

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