Southern Ocean

Carbon in the Southern Ocean
July 30, 2015

The Southern Ocean plays a key role in mitigating the anthropogenic greenhouse emissions by contributing approximately 40% of the global oceanic carbon sink. Recent work investigates the future evolution of Southern Ocean carbon storage under a climate warming scenario.

Coccolithophore cell
April 7, 2015

The Southern Ocean absorbs a large fraction of anthropogenic-sourced carbon dioxide from the atmosphere each year, driving decreases in the pH and the carbonate ion concentration. A recent study reports a decrease in phytoplankton calcification in the Southern Ocean over the satellite record (1998 to 2014).

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