Deep southeast Indian Ocean waters see accelerated freshening
A recent investigation has shown that in the abyssal southeast Indian Ocean the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) freshening and warming have changed over the last decade. After a third full repeat of line IO8S in the region, GO-SHIP observations suggest strongly accelerated AABW freshening since 2007.
Global warming and Greenland melting affects Atlantic overturning
A new study shows that the AMOC is more sensitive to warming, including changes in the atmospheric hydrological cycle, than Greenland Ice Sheet melting. However, Greenland Ice Sheet melt further increases the projected AMOC weakening.
Hurricanes more likely to weaken along the US coast during active periods
A new study shows that when conditions in the deep tropics are good for hurricane intensification, they are bad along the US coast. This sets up a barrier around the US coast during active hurricane periods that inhibits hurricanes from strengthening and usually causes them to weaken.
Agulhas leakage, not salinity, linked to the Atlantic meridional circulation slowdown
A new study concludes that the likely source of changes in heat that caused the recent slowdown in the AMOC was from a decrease in the Agulhas Leakage and that changes in convection in the subpolar North Atlantic was an unlikely contributor.
A new look at the “global warming hiatus” as a redistribution of energy in the Earth’s system
A new paper shows that global mean surface temperature (GMST) is a measure of the Earth’s surface warming, not a measure of total accumulated heat energy in the Earth’s system. And the slowdown in GMST increase is most likely a redistribution of excess heat into and within the ocean.
Paleodata-based global warming projection provides confirmation of CMIP5 estimates
New research looking at glacial-interglacial climate variability during the last 784,000 years finds that Earth's climate sensitivity is strongly dependent on the climate background state with significantly larger values attained during warm phases. Because the Earth is currently in a warm state, the associated increased climate sensitivity has to be taken into account for future warming projections.