daily sea surface height anomalies and upper-ocean temperature from the NOAA Kuroshio Extension Observatory
Biophysical drivers of vigorous carbon cycling near the Kuroshio Extension

Approximately seven years of daily-averaged autonomous CO2 observations from NOAA’s Kuroshio Extension Observatory surface mooring were used to close the mixed-layer carbon budget, finding high rates of net community production during the spring bloom period.

Probability density functions of ECS
Climate sensitivity in models consistent with energy budget constraints

Equilibrium climate sensitivity (ECS) — defined as the near-surface air temperature change that would result from a doubling of atmospheric CO2 — is a key metric of climate change. New findings suggest that the ECS from global energy budget constraints is in agreement with values derived from other methods and simulated by global climate models.

Buoyancy frequencies in Caribbean Sea
Warm eddies in Caribbean Sea could be a link to tropical cyclone intensification

A recent study highlights results obtained from an aircraft ocean survey that targeted a large warm core eddy in the eastern Caribbean Sea, where upper ocean measurements are crucial to understanding the complexities of heat and moisture transfer during the passage of tropical cyclones.

the Warm Blob
Coastal warming related to ‘the Blob’

New research shows the extent and development of 'the Blob' using satellite surface temperature data to reveal warm temperature anomalies appearing as early as March 2014 in the central and southern California coast, and eventually extending to the entire West Coast and dissipating in August 2016.

Time series of eastern Indian Ocean thermocline depth in an ocean model hindcast.
Multidecadal Indian Ocean variability linked to the Pacific

In a new paper from Journal of Climate, researchers show that changes in the Indian Ocean subsurface heat content over the last 50 years can be linked to Pacific Ocean variability associated with the Pacific Decadal Oscillation/Interdecadal Pacific Oscillation.

GO-SHIP observations suggest strongly accelerated AABW freshening since 2007.
Deep southeast Indian Ocean waters see accelerated freshening

A recent investigation has shown that in the abyssal southeast Indian Ocean the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) freshening and warming have changed over the last decade. After a third full repeat of line IO8S in the region, GO-SHIP observations suggest strongly accelerated AABW freshening since 2007.

Welcome to the US Climate Variability and Predictability Program

Variations Spring 2017

Deep ocean observing system

The 2017 spring edition of Variations is themed: "A case for observing the deep ocean." This edition highlights the existing “state-of-the-art” methods to measure the deep ocean, some of the scientific insights that have already been gained from these observations, and new methodologies and technologies to expand the network of deep observations. Join us for a webinar on May 16, featuring contributors from this edition. 

PSMI Panel report now available

Woods Hole

The 2016 Process Study Model Improvement (PSMI) Panel meeting focused on high-latitude and cryospheric processes, coastal and marginal seas, biophysical interactions, the tropical Pacific observing system, and data management. This report captures the presentations, discussions, recommendations, and action items the Panel agree upon at the meeting.

Submit a research highlight

Research cruise

Do you have a new paper with interesting findings? US CLIVAR features recent results in the form of Research Highlights from the community of scientists participating in our interagency-sponsored projects, working groups, panels, science teams, and workshops. Check out the collection of research highlights and submit an idea. 

Ocean Carbon Hot Spots Workshop

Ocean Carbon Hot Spots

Save the date for the Ocean Carbon Hot Spots Workshop, taking place at the Monterey Bay Aquarium Research Institute on September 25-26, 2017. The goal of the workshop is to develop an interdisciplinary research community that will facilitate a better understanding of carbon uptake and storage in western boundary current regions with an emphasis on the Kuroshio Extension. 

2017 Summit to be held in Baltimore

Baltimore inner harbor

Now being hosted biennially, the US CLIVAR Summit will bring together the members of the Scientific Steering Committee and its three implementation Panels, agency managers, and invited speakers to review progress, identify opportunities, and develop strategies to advance program goals. The meeting will be held August 8-10 in Baltimore, Maryland.