News & Publications

Research Highlights

US CLIVAR aims to feature the latest research results from the community of scientists participating in our interagency-sponsored projects, working groups, panels, science teams, and workshops. Check out the collection of research highlights below and sort by topic on the right. 

Changes in conservative temperature (upper panels; a,b) and absolute salinity (lower panels; c,d) for the periods of 2016−2007 (left panels) and 2007−1994 (right panels) in the Antarctic-Australian Basin
February 8, 2017

A recent investigation has shown that in the abyssal southeast Indian Ocean the Antarctic Bottom Water (AABW) freshening and warming have changed over the last decade. After a third full repeat of line IO8S in the region, GO-SHIP observations suggest strongly accelerated AABW freshening since 2007. 

AMOC RCP4.5 and 8.5
January 19, 2017

A new study shows that the AMOC is more sensitive to warming, including changes in the atmospheric hydrological cycle, than Greenland Ice Sheet melting. However, Greenland Ice Sheet melt further increases the projected AMOC weakening.

Hurricanes more likely to weaken along the US coast during active periods
January 6, 2017

A new study shows that when conditions in the deep tropics are good for hurricane intensification, they are bad along the US coast. This sets up a barrier around the US coast during active hurricane periods that inhibits hurricanes from strengthening and usually causes them to weaken.

Agulhas leakage, not salinity, linked to the Atlantic meridional circulation slowdown
December 28, 2016

A new study concludes that the likely source of changes in heat that caused the recent slowdown in the AMOC was from a decrease in the Agulhas Leakage and that changes in convection in the subpolar North Atlantic was an unlikely contributor.

Ocean heat content over the past 60 years
December 7, 2016

A new paper shows that global mean surface temperature (GMST) is a measure of the Earth’s surface warming, not a measure of total accumulated heat energy in the Earth’s system. And the slowdown in GMST increase is most likely a redistribution of excess heat into and within the ocean.

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