The Seasonality of the Great Plains Low-Level Jet and ENSO Relationship

Session II: Ocean-Land-Atmosphere interactions of the Continental Americas and the Caribbean
Lakshmi
Krishnamurthy
UCAR/GFDL
Gabriel
Vecchi
GFDL
Rym
Msadek
UCAR/GFDL
Andrew
Wittenberg
GFDL
Additional co-authors: Thomas L. Delworth and Fanrong Zeng

This study investigates the seasonality of the relationship between the Great Plains low-level jet (GPLLJ) and the Pacific Ocean from spring to summer, using observational analysis and coupled model experiments. The observed GPLLJ and El Niño–Southern Oscillation (ENSO) relation undergoes seasonal changes with a stronger GPLLJ associated with La Niña in boreal spring and El Niño in boreal summer. The ability of the GFDL Forecast-Oriented Low Ocean Resolution (FLOR) global coupled climate model, which has the high-resolution atmospheric and land components, to simulate the observed seasonality in the GPLLJ–ENSO relationship is assessed. The importance of simulating the magnitude and phase locking of ENSO accurately in order to better simulate its seasonal teleconnections with the Intra-Americas Sea (IAS) is demonstrated. This study explores the mechanisms for seasonal changes in the GPLLJ–ENSO relation in model and observations. It is hypothesized that ENSO affects the GPLLJ variability through the Caribbean low-level jet (CLLJ) during the summer and spring seasons. These results suggest that climate models with improved ENSO variability would advance our ability to simulate and predict seasonal variations of the GPLLJ and their associated impacts on the United States.
Time 
2015 - 16:35
Day 
Wednesday, September 9, 2015