Eastern Tropical Oceans Synthesis (ETOS) WG Resources
Challenges and Prospects for Reducing Coupled Climate Model SST Biases in the eastern tropical Atlantic and Pacific Oceans: The US CLIVAR Eastern Tropical Oceans Synthesis Working Group (Bulletin of the American Meteorological Society, 2016, doi:10.1175/BAMS-D-15-00274.1)
Selected Publications (General)
Doi, T., G. A. Vecchi, A. J. Rosati, and T. L. Delworth, 2012: Biases in the Atlantic ITCZ in seasonal-interannual variations for a coarse and a high resolution coupled climate model. J. Climate, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00360.1.
Hu, Z.-Z., B. Huang, Y.-T. Hou, W. Wang, F. Yang, C. Stan, and E. K. Schneider, 2011: Sensitivity of Tropical Climate to Low-Level Clouds in the NCEP Climate Forecast System. Climate Dyn., 36, 1795-1811. DOI 10.1007/s00382-010-0797-z.
Kay, J. E., and Coauthors: Exposing global cloud biases in the Community Atmosphere Model (CAM) using satellite observations and their corresponding instrument simulators. J. Climate, 10.1175/jcli-d-11-00469.1.
Selected Publications (Pacific)
Wittenberg, A. T., A. Rosati, N.-C. Lau, and J. J. Ploshay, 2005: GFDL’s CM2 Global Coupled Climate Models, Part 3: Tropical Pacific Climate and ENSO. J. Climate, in press.
G. Danabasoglu, W. G. Large, J. J. Tribbia, P. R. Gent, B. P. Briegleb, and J. C. McWilliams, 2005 :Diurnal Ocean-Atmosphere Coupling. J. Climate, submitted.
Kirtman, B. P., Y. Fan and E. K. Schneider, 2002: The COLA global coupled and anomaly coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM. J. Climate, 15, 2301-2320.
Coupled model intercomparisons (chronological):
Neelin, J. D., and and Coauthors,, 1992: Tropical air–sea interaction in general circulation models. Climate Dyn., 7, 73–104.
Mechoso, C. R., and and Coauthors,, 1995: The seasonal cycle over the tropical Pacific in coupled ocean–atmosphere general circulation models. Mon. Wea. Rev., 123, 2825–2838.
Davey, M. K., and and Coauthors,, 2001: STOIC: A study of coupled model climatology and variability in tropical ocean regions. Climate Dyn., 18, 403-420.
Latif, M., and and Coauthors,, 2001: ENSIP: The El Niño Intercomparison Project. Climate Dyn., 18, 255-276.
Huang, B. and E. K. Schneider, 1995: The response of an ocean general circulation model to surface wind stress produced by an atmospheric general circulation model. Mon. Wea. Rev. 123, 3059-3085.
Kirtman, B. P. and E. K. Schneider, 1996: Model based estimates of equatorial zonal wind stress. J. Climate, 9, 1077-1091.
Li, J.-L. F., M. Köhler, J. D. Farrara and C. R. Mechoso, 2002: The impact of stratocumulus cloud radiative properties on surface heat fluxes simulated with a general circulation model. Mon. Wea. Rev., 130, 1433-1441.
Li, T. and S. George H. Philander. 1996: On the Annual Cycle of the Eastern Equatorial Pacific. Journal of Climate: Vol. 9, No. 12, pp. 2986–2998.
Ma, C.-C., C. R. Mechoso, A. Arakawa and J. D. Farrara, 1994: Sensitivity of a coupled ocean-atmosphere model to physical parameterizations. J. Climate, 7, 1883-1896.
Mechoso, A. W. Robertson and A. Arakawa, 1996: Peruvian stratus clouds and the tropical Pacific circulation - a coupled ocean-atmosphere GCM study. J. Climate., 9, 1635-1645.
Mechoso, C. R., J. D. Neelin, and J.-Y. Yu, 2003: Testing simple models of ENSO. J. Atmos Sci., 60, 305-318.
Philander, S.G.H., D. Gu, G. Lambert, T. Li, D. Halpern, N.-C. Lau and R.C. Pacanowski. 1996: Why the ITCZ Is Mostly North of the Equator. Journal of Climate: Vol. 9, No. 12, pp. 2958–2972.
Schneider, E. K., 1997: A note on the annual cycle of sea surface temperature at the equator. COLA Report No. 36, 17pp.
Schneider, E. K. and Z. Zhu, 1998:Sensitivity of the Simulated Annual Cycle of Sea Surface Temperature in the Equatorial Pacific to Sunlight Penetration. J. Climate, 11, 1932-1950.
Schneider, E. K., 2002: The causes of differences between equatorial Pacific SST simulations of two coupled ocean-atmosphere general circulation models. J. Climate, 15, 449-469.
Yu, J.-Y., and C. R. Mechoso, 1999: A discussion on the errors in the surface heat fluxes simulated by a coupled GCM. J. Climate, 12, 416-426.
Yu, J.-Y., and C. R. Mechoso, 1999: Links between annual variations of Peruvian stratus clouds and of SST in the eastern equatorial Pacific. J. Climate, 12, 3305-3318.
Selected Publications (Indian Ocean)
Wajsowicz, R.C., 2005b: Potential predictability of tropical Indian Ocean SST Anomalies. Geophysical Research Letters, submitted.
Wajsowicz, R.C., 2005c: Seasonal-to-interannual forecasting of tropical Indian Ocean sea-surface temperature anomalies: potential predictability and barriers. Journal of Climate, submitted.