CO2 References

  • Bitz, C. M., P. R. Gent, R. A. Woodgate, M. M. Holland, and R. Lindsay, 2006: The influence of sea ice on ocean heat uptake in response to increasing CO2, J. Climate, 19, (11), pages 2437--2450.
  • Bogucki, D., M.-E. Carr, W. M. Drennan, P. Woiceshyn, T. Hara, and M. Schmeltz, 2009: Preliminary and novel estimates of CO2 gas transfer using satellite scatterometer during the 2001GasEx Experiment.  Int. J. Remote Sens. [in press].
  • Delille, B., B. Jourdain, A. V. Borges, J.-L. Tison, and D. Delille, 2007:  Biogas (CO2, O2, dimethylsulfide) dynamics in spring Antarctic fast ice,Limnol. Oceanogr. 52, 1367-1379.
  • Frew, N. M., E. J. Bock, U. Schimpf, T. Hara, H. Haußecker, J. B. Edson, W. R. McGillis, R. K. Nelson, S. P. McKenna, B. M. Uz and B. Jähne, 2004:  Air-sea gas transfer: Its dependence on wind stress, small-scale roughness, and surface films, J. Geophys. Res., 109, C08S17, doi:  10.1029/2003JC002131
  • Frew, N. M., D. M. Glover, E. J. Bock, and S. J. McCue, 2007: A new approach to estimation o global air-sea gas transfer velocity fields using dual-frequency altimeter backscatter, J. Geophys. Res., 112, C11003, doi:10.1029/2006JC003819.
  • Miller, L.A., M. Chierici, T. Johannessen, T.T. Noji, F. Rey and I. Skjelvan, 1999: Seasonal dissolved inorganic carbon variations in the Greenland Sea and implications for atmospheric CO2 exchange. Deep-Sea Res. II, 46, 1473-1496.
  • Miller, L. A., P. L. Yager, K. A. Erickson, D. Amiel, J. Bâcle, J.K. Cochran, M.-É. Garneau, M. Gosselin, D.J. Hirschberg, B. Klein, B. LeBlanc and W.L. Miller, 2002: Carbon distributions and fluxes in the North Water, 1998 and 1999. Deep-Sea Res. II, 49, 5151-5170.
  • Sabine, C. L., R. A. Feely, N. Gruber, R. M. Key, K. Lee, J. L. Bullister, R. Wanninkhof, C. S Wong, D. W. R. Wallace, B. Tilbrook, F. J. Millero, T.-H. Peng, A. Kozyr, T. Ono, and A. F. Rios, 2004: The oceanic sink for anthropogenic CO2. Science, 305(5682), 367–371.
  • Semiletov, I., A. Makshtas, S. Akasofu, and E.L. Andreas, 2004: Atmospheric CO2 balance: The role of Arctic sea ice, Geophys. Res. Lett., 31, L05121, doi:10.1029/2003GL017996.
  • Skjelvan, I., T. Johannessen and L. A. Miller, 1999: Interannual variability of fCO2 in the Greenland and Norwegian Seas. Tellus, 51B, 477-489.
    Soloviev, A., M. Donelan, H. Graber, B. Haus, and P. Schlussel, 2007:  An approach to estimation of near-surface turbulence and CO2 transfer velocity from remote sensing data.  J. Marine Sys., 66, 182-194.
  • Takahashi, T., S. C. Sutherland, C. Sweeney, A. Poisson, N. Metzl, B. Tilbrook, N. Bates, R. Wanninkhof, R. A. Feely, C. Sabine, J. Olafsson, and Y. Nojiri, 2002: Global sea-air CO2 flux based on climatological surface ocean pCO2, and seasonal biological and temperature effects. Deep-Sea Research II, 49, 1601-1622.
  • Takahashi, T., S. C. Sutherland, R. Wanninkhof, C. Sweeney, R. A. Feely, D. W. Chipman, B. Hales, G. Friederich, F. Chavez, C. Sabine, A. Watson, D. C. E. Bakker, U. Schuster, N. Metzl, H. Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Midorikawa, Y. Nojiri, A. Koertzinger, T. Steinhoff, M. Hoppema, J. Olafsson, T. S. Arnarson, B. Tilbrook, T. Johannessen, A. Olsen, R. Bellerby, C. S. Wong, B. Delille, 2007: Global Surface pCO2 (LDEO) Database.  Available athttp://cdiac.ornl.gov/oceans/LDEO_Underway_Database/LDEO_home.html(accessed 20 May 2009).
  • Takahashi, T., S. C. Sutherland, R. Wanninkhof, C. Sweeney, R. A. Feely, D. W. Chipman, B. Hales, G. Friederich, F. Chavez, C. Sabine, A. Watson, D. C. E. Bakker, U. Schuster, N. Metzl, H. Y. Inoue, M. Ishii, T. Midorikawa, Y. Nojiri, A. Koertzinger, T. Steinhoff, M. Hoppema, J. Olafsson, T. S. Arnarson, B. Tilbrook, T. Johannessen, A. Olsen, R. Bellerby, C. S. Wong, B. Delille, N. R. Bates, and H. J. W. de Baar, 2009: Climatological Mean and Decadal Change in Surface Ocean pCO2, and Net Sea-air CO2 Flux over the Global Oceans. Deep-Sea Res. II, 56, 554-577.
  • Wanninkhof, R., A. Olsen, and J. Triñanes, 2007: Air-sea CO2 fluxes in the Caribbean Sea from 2002-2004, J. Mar. Sys., 66, 272-284.
    Wanninkhof, R., W.E. Asher, D.T. Ho, C. Sweeney, and W.R. McGillis, 2009: Advances in quantifying air-sea gas exchange and environmental forcing. Annu. Rev. Mar. Sci., 1, 213–244.