Western Boundary Current WG Resources

Western Boundary Current Working Group Prospectus


  • CLIvar MOde Water Dynamic Experiment (CLIMODE)
  • Kuroshio Extension System Study (KESS)
  • WHOI KESS page
  • University of Hawaii KESS page



  • Alexander, M. A. and C. Deser 1995:A mechanism for the recurrence of midlatitude SST anomalies during winter. J. Phys. Oceanogr.25, 122-137.
  • Alexander, M. A., N.-C. Lau, and J. D. Scott, 2004: Broadening the atmospheric bridge paradigm: ENSO teleconnections to the North Pacific in summer and to the tropical west Pacific- Indian Oceans over the seasonal cycle. Earth Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction. Eds. C. Wang, S.-P. Xie and J. Carton. AGU Monograph. pp. 85-104.
  • Alexander, M., J. Yin, G. Branstator, A. Capotondi, C. Cassou, R. Cullather, Y.-O. Kwon, J Norris, J. Scott, I. Wainer, 2006. Extratropical Atmosphere-Ocean Variability in CCSM3. J. Climate19, 2496-2525.
  • Cassou, C., C. Deser and M. A. Alexander, 2007: Investigating the impact of reemerging sea surface temperature anomalies on the winter atmospheric circulation over the North Atlantic. J. Climate, in press.
  • Czaja, A. and C. Frankignoul : Influence of the North Atlantic SST on the atmospheric circulation. Geophys. Res. Letters, 1999, 26, 2969-2972.
  • Czaja, A. and C. Frankignoul: Observed impact of Atlantic SST anomalies on the North Atlantic Oscillation. J. Climate, 2002, 15, 606-623.
  • de Coëtlogon, G., C. Frankignoul, M. Bentsen, C. Delon, H. Haak, S. Massina, and A . Pardaens : Gulf Stream variability in five oceanic general circulation models. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 2006, 36, 2119-2135.
  • Deser, C., M. A. Alexander, and M. S. Timlin, 2002: On the persistence of sea surface temperature anomalies in midlatitudes. J. Climate16, 16, 57-72.
  • Frankignoul, C., G. de Coëtlogon, T.M. Joyce and S. Dong : Gulf Stream variability and ocean-atmosphere interactions. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 2001, 31, 3516-3529.
  • Frankignoul, C., E. Kestenare, M. Botzet, A.F. Carril, H. Drange, A. Pardens, L. Terray, and R. Sutton: An intercomparison between the surface heat flux feedback in five coupled models, COADS, and the NCEP reanalysis. Clim. Dyn., 2004, 22, 373-388
  • Frankignoul, C.  and E. Kestenare : Observed Atlantic SST anomaly impact on the NAO: an update. J. Climate, 2005, 18, 4089-4094.
  • Frankignoul, C. and N. Sennéchael: Observed influence of North Pacific SST anomalies on the atmospheric circulation. J. Climate, 2007, 20, 592-606.Kwon, Y.-O., and C. Deser, 2007: North Pacific Decadal Variability in the Community Climate System Model Version 2. J. Climate, in press.
  • Liu, Z., Y. Liu, L. Wu., and R. Jacob, 2007: Seasonal and longtem atmospheric responses to reemerging North Pacific Ocean Varaibility: A combined dynamical and statistical assessment. J. Climate, in press.
  • Park, S., M. A. Alexander, and C. Deser, 2006: The impact of cloud radiative feedback, remote ENSO forcing, and entrainment on the persistence of North Pacific sea surface temperature anomalies. J. Climate 19, 6243-6261.
  • Peng, S., W.A. Robinson, S. Li, and M.A. Alexander, 2006: Effects of Ekman transport on the NAO response to a tropical Atlantic SST anomaly. J. Climate19, 4803-4818.
  • Peng, S., W.A. Robinson, S. Li, and M.P. Hoerling, 2005: Tropical Atlantic SST forcing of coupled North Atlantic seasonal responses. J. Climate18, 480-496.
  • Donohue, K. A., and colleagues. An integrated system study of the Kuroshio Extension. Submitted to EOS, 2007.
  • Bond, N. A. and M. F. Cronin. Regional weather patterns during anomalous air-sea fluxes at the Kuroshio Extension Observatory (KEO). Submitted to J. Climate, 2006.
  • Cronin, M.F., C. W. Fairall, and M. J. McPhaden. An assessment of buoy-derived and numerical weather prediction surface heat fluxes in the tropical Pacific. J. Geophys. Res., 111, C06038, doi:10.1029/2005JC003324, 2006.
  • Cronin, M. F., N. A. Bond, C. W. Fairall, and R. A. Weller. Surface cloud forcing in the east Pacific stratus deck/cold tongue/ITCZ complex. J. Climate, 19(3), 392-409, 2006.
  • Cronin, M.. Eddy-mean flow interaction in the Gulf Stream at 68°W: Part II. Eddy forcing on the time-mean flow. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26, 2132-2151, 1996.
  • Cronin, M. and D. R. Watts. Eddy-mean flow interaction in the Gulf Stream at 68°W: Part I. Eddy energetics. J. Phys. Oceanogr., 26, 2107-2131, 1996.
  • Kelly, K.A. and S. Dong, 2004: The relationship of western boundary current heat transport and storage to mid-latitude ocean-atmosphere interaction, inEarth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, edited by C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton, pp. 347-363, American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 147.
  • Nakamura, H., T. Sampe, Y. Tanimoto, and A. Shimpo, 2004: Observed Associations Among Storm Tracks, Jet Streams, and Midlatitude Oceanic Fronts, in Earth's Climate: The Ocean-Atmosphere Interaction, edited by C. Wang, S.-P. Xie, and J. A. Carton, pp.329-345, American Geophysical Union Geophysical Monograph 147.
  • Chelton, D. B., M. G. Schlax and R.M. Samelson. Summertime coupling between sea surface temperature and wind stress in the California Current System. Journal of Physical Oceanography, accepted.
  • Dewar, W. K., R. M. Samelson, and G. K. Vallis, 2005. The ventilated pool: A model of subtropical mode water. Journal of Physical Oceanography, 35, 137-150.
  • Maloney, E. D., and D. B. Chelton, 2006.  An assessment of the sea surface temperature influence on surface wind stress in numerical weather prediction and climate models.  Journal of Climate, 19, 2743-2762.
  • Perlin, N, E. Skyllingstad, R. Samelson, and P. Barbour. Numerical simulation of air-sea coupling during coastal upwelling. Journal of Physical Oceanography, accepted.
  • Samelson, R. M., E. D. Skyllingstad, D. B. Chelton, S. K. Esbensen, L. W. O'Neill, and N. Thum, 2006. A note on the coupling of wind stress and sea surface temperature. Journal of Climate, 19, 1557-1566.
  • Skyllingstad, E., D. Vickers, L. Mahrt, and R. Samelson, 2006. Effects of mesoscale sea-surface temperature fronts on the marine boundary layer. Boundary Layer Meteorology, DOI 10.1007/s10546-006-9127-8.