US AMOC

US AMOC Research Activities

 

PIs

Project

Sponsor

Duration

Molly Baringer (NOAA/AOML)
Sylvia Garzoli (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)
Gustavo Goni (NOAA/AOML)
Shenfu Dong (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)

State of the Climate: Quarterly Reports on the Meridional Heat Transport in the Atlantic Ocean

NOAA

Jun 2005 − Ongoing

Molly Baringer (NOAA/AOML)
Christopher Meinen (NOAA/AOML)
Sylvia Garzoli (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)

Western Boundary Current Time Series (WBTS)

NOAA

Jun 2005 − Ongoing

Nicholas Bates (BIOS)
Rodney Johnson (BIOS)

The Panulirus Hydrographic Stations: Years 59-64

NSF

Apr 2012 −
Mar 2017

Amy Bower (WHOI)
Michael Spall (WHOI)

A Crossroads of the AMOC: The Charlie-Gibbs Fracture Zone

NSF

Oct 2009 −
Sep 2015

Grant Branstator (NCAR)
Haiyan Teng (NCAR)
Gerald Meehl (NCAR)

Initial Value Predictability of Intrinsic Oceanic Modes and Implications for Decadal Prediction over North America

DOE

Sep 2010 −
Sep 2014

Martha Buckley (George Mason U.)
Rui Ponte (AER)
Jason Furtado (AER)
Patrick Heimbach (MIT)

Identifying Mechanisms of AMOC Variability in ECCO State Estimates and CMIP5 Models

NOAA

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

James Carton (U. Maryland)
Gennady Chepurin (U. Maryland)
Sirpa Häkkinen (NASA/GSFC)
Michael Steele (U. Washington)

Using Ocean Data Assimilation to Explore Arctic/Subarctic Climate Variability

NSF

Sep 2012 −
Aug 2015

Claudia Cenedese (WHOI)
Fiamma Straneo (WHOI)
Patrick Heimbach (MIT)

Submarine Melting and Freshwater Export in Greenland’s Glacial Fjords: The Role of Subjlacial Discharge, Fjord Topography, and Shelf Properties

NSF

Nov 2014 −
Oct 2017

Paola Cessi (UCSD/SIO)
Christopher Wolfe (Stony Brook U.)

Pulling the Meridional Overturning Circulation from the South

DOE

Sep 2010 −
Aug 2015

Ping Chang (Texas A&M)
Link Ji (Texas A&M)
Ben Kirtman (U. Miami)

Role of Internal Atmospheric Variability in the AMOC

NOAA

Sep 2011 −
Sep 2014

Ping Chang (Texas A&M)
Gokhan Danabasoglu (NCAR)
Steve Yeager (NCAR)

Understanding Changes in the AMOC during the 20th Century Using IPCC AR5 Model Ensembles

NOAA

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

Alan Condron (U. Massachusetts)
Raymond Bradley (U. Massachusetts)

High-Resolution Model Development to Quantify the Impact of Icebergs on the Stability of the AMOC

DOE

Sep 2011 −
Sep 2014

Ruth Curry (WHOI)
Kurt Polzin (WHOI)

Dynamics of Abyssal Mixing and Interior Transport Experiment (DynAMITE)

NSF

Nov 2009 −
Oct 2014

Gokhan Danabasoglu (NCAR)
Steve Yeager (NCAR)
Alicia Karspeck (NCAR)
Joe Tribbia (NCAR)
Tom Delworth (NOAA/GFDL)
Rym Msadek (NOAA/GFDL)
Tony Rosati (NOAA/GFDL)
Young-Oh Kwon (WHOI)
Claude Frankignoul (WHOI)

A Collaborative Multi-Model Study: Understanding AMOC Variability and their Impacts on Decadal Prediction

NOAA

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

Gokhan Danabasoglu (NCAR)
Jeffrey Andreson (NCAR)
Grant Branstator (NCAR)
Keith Lindsay (NCAR)
Joe Tribbia (NCAR)
Claude Frankignoul (WHOI)
Young-Oh Kwon (WHOI)
Minghua Zhang (Stony Brook U.)

Mechanisms, Predictability, Prediction, and Regional and Societal Impact of Decadal Climate Variability

NSF

Mar 2013 −
Feb 2018

Marieke Femke de Jong (WHOI)
Amy Bower (WHOI)

Pathways to the Denmark Strait Overflow: A Lagrangian Study in the Iceland Sea

NSF

Sep 2013 −
Mar 2018

Kathleen Donohue (U. Rhode Island)
Charles Flagg (Stony Brook U.)
Thomas Rossby (U. Rhode Island)

The Oleander Project: Sustained Observations of Ocean Currents in the NW Atlantic between New York and Bermuda

NSF

Sep 2008 −
Aug 2015

Alexey Fedorov (Yale U.)

A Generalized Stability Analysis of the AMOC in Earth System Models: Implication for Decadal Variability and Abrupt Climate Change

DOE

Sep 2011 −
Sep 2014

Sarah Gille (UCSD/SIO)
Doug Martinson (Columbia U./LDEO)

Assessing Unstoppable Change: Ocean Heat Storage and Antarctic Glacial Ice Melt

NOAA

Aug 2010 −
Jul 2014

Gustavo Goni (NOAA/AOML)
Shenfu Dong (NOAA/AOML; U. Miami)

Assessment of the Meridional Overturning Circulation and Meridional Heat Transport and their Meridional Variability in the South Atlantic Ocean

NASA

Jan 2013 −
Dec 2016

Gustavo Goni (NOAA/AOML)
Molly Baringer (NOAA/AOML)
Sylvia Garzoli (NOAA/AOML)

The Ship of Opportunity Program

NOAA

Ongoing

Ben Harden (WHOI)
Robert Pickart (WHOI)

The Upstream Sources of the Denmark Strait Overflow

NSF

Sep 2014 −
Aug 2016

Patrick Heimbach (MIT)
Rui Ponte (AER)
An Nguyen (MIT)
Carl Wunsch (MIT)

An Eddy-Permitting Arctic and Sub-Polar State Estimate for Climate Research

NSF

Sep 2010 −
May 2014

Patrick Heimbach (MIT)
Rui Ponte (AER)

Sensitivity Patterns of Atlantic Meridional Overturning and Related Climate Diagnostics over the Instrumental Period

NOAA

Aug 2010 −
Jul 2014

Aixue Hu (NCAR)

Research Program on Modeling Future Climate Change: Effects of Increased Atmospheric Carbon Dioxide and Other Climate Forcings

DOE

Jan 2013 −
Dec 2017

Bill Johns (U. Miami)
Christopher Meinen (NOAA/AOML)
Molly Baringer (NOAA/AOML)

Measuring Interannual Variability of the AMOC and Meridional Ocean Heat Transport at 26.5N: The RAPID-MOCHA Array

NSF

Apr 2003 −
Jun 2014

Kathryn Kelly (U. Washington)
Suzanne Dickinson (U. Washington)

The Contributions of Ocean Circulation to North Atlantic SST

NASA

Feb 2010 −
Jan 2015

Kathryn Kelly (U. Washington)
LuAnne Thompson (U. Washington)

Assessing Meridional Transports in the North Atlantic Ocean

NASA

Oct 2008 −
Mar 2014

Kathryn Kelly (U. Washington)
LuAnne Thompson (U. Washington)

Sources and Impacts of Variability of the Meridional Property Transports in the Atlantic Ocean

NASA

Jan 2013 −
Dec 2016

Sergey Kravtsov (U. Wisconsin-Milwaukee)
Anastasios Tsonis (U. Wisconsin-Milwaukee)

Decadal Variability of Interacting Climate Subsystems in the Northern Hemisphere

NSF

Jul 2014 −
Jun 2017

Felix Landerer (Cal Tech/JPL)
Katrin Bentel (Cal Tech/JPL)
Carmen Boening (Cal Tech/JPL)
Victor Zlotnicki (Cal Tech/JPL) 

Variability of the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

NASA

Jan 2013 −
Dec 2015

Craig Lee (U. Washington)
Jason Gobat (U. Washington)
Kate Stafford (U. Washington)

The Arctic Observing Network at Critical Gateways—A Sustained Observing System at Davis Strait

NSF

Sep 2010 −
Aug 2015

Susan Lozier (Duke U.)
Bill Johns (U. Miami)
Amy Bower (HWOI)
Robert Pickart (WHOI)
Fiamma Straneo (WHOI)

Overturning in the Subpolar North Atlantic (OSNAP)

NSF

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2018

Christopher Meinen (NOAA/AOML)
Sylvia Garzoli (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)
Renellys Perez (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)
Shenfu Dong (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)

Southwest Atlantic MOC (SAM)

NOAA

Oct 2008 − Ongoing

Ceclie Penland (NOAA/ESRL)
Douglas MacMartin (Cal Tech)
Chesley McColl (CIRES; NOAA/ESRL)
Leslie Hartten (CIRES; NOAA/ESRL)
Eli Tziperman (Harvard U.)

Variability, Stochastic Dynamics, and Compensating Model Errors of the AMOC in Coupled IPCC Models

NOAA

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

Renellys Perez (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)
Sylvia Garzoli (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML)
Ricardo Matano (Oregon State U.) 

South AMOC: Pathways and Modes of Variability

NOAA 

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

Renellys Perez (U. Miami; NOAA/AOML) 

Variability of the South Atlantic Subtropical Gyre

NOAA

Apr 2014 −
Mar 2017

Robert Pickart (WHOI)
Michael Spall (WHOI)

Denmark Straight Overflow Water: A New Paradigm for the Origin of the Deep Western Boundary Current

NSF

Dec 2010 −
Nov 2015

Robert Pickart (WHOI) 

The Atlantic Water Boundary Current in the Eastern Arctic: Composition, Transport, Variability, and Dynamics

NSF

May 2013 −
Apr 2017

Peter Rhines (U. Washington)
Charles Eriksen (U. Washington)

Analysis of Eddies, Mixing, and Dense Overflows at the Iceland-Faroe Ridge in the Northern Atlantic Ocean Observed with Seagliders

NSF

Sep 2010 −
Aug 2014

Peter Rhines (U. Washington)
Sirpa Häkkinen (NASA/GSFC)

Improved Estimates of Atlantic Meridional Circulation from Altimetry with Tracers, Drifters, Gliders and Argo Floats

NASA

Jan 2013 −
Dec 2016

Thomas Rossby (U. Rhode Island)
Charles Flagg (Stony Brook U.)

The Norröna Project: An International Collaboration for Sustained Studies of the Meridional Overturning Circulation between Denmark, the Faroes and Iceland

NSF

Aug 2011 −
Jul 2015

Irina Rypina (WHOI)
Lawrence Pratt (WHOI) 

Transport Pathways in the North Atlantic: Searching for Throughput

NSF

Mar 2012 −
Feb 2015

Claudia Schmid (NOAA/AOML)
George Halliwell (NOAA/AOML)
Sudip Majumder (U. Miami)

Transport in the Upper Branch of the South Atlantic Meridional Overturning Circulation

NOAA

Aug 2014 −
Jul 2017

Andreas Schmittner (Oregon State U.)
Aixue Hu (NCAR)
Sebasitan Mernild (LANL)

Modeling Effects of Greenland Ice Sheet Melting on AMOC Variability and Predictability

NOAA

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

Uwe Send (UCSD/SIO)
Matthias Lankhorst (UCSD/SIO)

Meridional Overturning Variability Experiment (MOVE)

NOAA

Jun 2005 − Ongoing

Michael Spall (WHOI)

Forced Transients in Water Mass Transformation and the Meridional Overturning

NSF

Sep 2012 −
Aug 2016

Michael Spall (WHOI)
Thomas Haine (Johns Hopkins U.)

Mechanisms of Freshwater Exchange Acress the East Greenland Shelf

NSF

Sep 2014 −
Aug 2017

Fiamma Straneo (WHOI)
Steven Lentz (WHOI)

From Rivers to the Ocean: The Dynamics of Freshwater Export from Hudson Strait

NSF

Apr 2008 −
Mar 2014

Fiamma Straneo (WHOI)
Gordon Hamilton (U. Maine)
David Sutherland (U. Washinton)
Leigh Sterns (U. Kansas)

Glacier-Ocean Coupling in a Large East Greenland Fjord

NSF

Aug 2009 −
Jan 2015

Zoltan Szuts (U. Washington)
Kim Martini (U. Washington)

Wave Processes Along 26oN in the Atlantic

NSF

Mar 2014 −
Feb 2017

John Toole (WHOI)
Michael McCartney (WHOI)
Ruth Curry (WHOI)
Terrence Joyce (WHOI)
William Smethie, Jr. (Columbia U./LDEO)

Line W: A Sustained Measurement Program Sampling the North Atlantic Deep Western Boundary Current and Gulf Stream at 39N

NSF

May 2003 −
Feb 2015

John Toole (WHOI)
Magdalena Andres (WHOI)
Ruth Curry (WHOI)
Terrence Joyce (WHOI)
Michael McCartney (WHOI)
William Smethie, Jr. (Columbia U./LDEO)

Completing a 10-Year Record of Deep Western Boundary Current Observations at Line W: A Contribution to the AMOC Study

NSF

Mar 2014 −
Feb 2018

Anastasios Tsonis (U. Wisconsin-Mikwaukee)
Gregory Duane (U. Colorado)
Joseph Tribbia (NCAR)

An Interactive Multi-Model for Consensus on Climate Change

DOE

Sep 2011 −
Aug 2014

Edward Vizy (U. Texas-Austin)
Kerry Cook (U. Texas-Austin)

Influence of the Equatorial Atlantic Cold Tongue and Angola Current on Atlantic Basin Climate Variability

NASA

Apr 2014 −
Mar 2016

Chunzai Wang (NOAA/AOML)

Relationship of the Atlantic Warm Pool with the AMOC

NOAA

Sep 2011 −
Aug 2014

Xiao-Hai Yan (U. Delaware)
Young-Heon Jo (U. Delaware)

Satellite Multi-Sensor Studies of Deep Ocean Convection in the North Atlantic Ocean

NASA

Mar 2009 −
Feb 2014

Jianjun Yin (U. Arizona)
Steve Griffies (NOAA/GFDL)
Shaoqing Zhang (NOAA/GFDL)

Signature of the AMOC in the North Atlantic Dynamic Sea Level

NOAA

Sep 2013 −
Aug 2016

Rong Zhang (NOAA/GFDL)

Impact of AMOC on Arctic Sea Ice and Atmospheric Heat Transport into the Arctic

NOAA

Sep 2013 − ongoing

Rong Zhang (NOAA/GFDL)
Jinting Zhang (U. Washington)

On the evolution of AMOC Fingerprints in the North Atlantic

NOAA

Jun 2013 − ongoing