News & Publications

Research Highlights

US CLIVAR aims to feature the latest research results from the community of scientists participating in our interagency-sponsored projects, working groups, panels, science teams, and workshops. Check out the collection of research highlights below and sort by topic on the right. 

Hurricanes more likely to weaken along the US coast during active periods
January 6, 2017

A new study shows that when conditions in the deep tropics are good for hurricane intensification, they are bad along the US coast. This sets up a barrier around the US coast during active hurricane periods that inhibits hurricanes from strengthening and usually causes them to weaken.

Agulhas leakage, not salinity, linked to the Atlantic meridional circulation slowdown
December 28, 2016

A new study concludes that the likely source of changes in heat that caused the recent slowdown in the AMOC was from a decrease in the Agulhas Leakage and that changes in convection in the subpolar North Atlantic was an unlikely contributor.

Ocean heat content over the past 60 years
December 7, 2016

A new paper shows that global mean surface temperature (GMST) is a measure of the Earth’s surface warming, not a measure of total accumulated heat energy in the Earth’s system. And the slowdown in GMST increase is most likely a redistribution of excess heat into and within the ocean.

Global-mean surface air temperature (SAT) anomalies with respect to preindustrial reference level. Left panel: Reconstructions of global-mean SAT anomaly for the last 784,000 years based on studies indicated in the panel. Right panel: Reconstructed and simulated global-mean SAT anomaly and global warming projections from data sources indicated in the panel.
November 23, 2016

New research looking at glacial-interglacial climate variability during the last 784,000 years finds that Earth's climate sensitivity is strongly dependent on the climate background state with significantly larger values attained during warm phases. Because the Earth is currently in a warm state, the associated increased climate sensitivity has to be taken into account for future warming projections.

Research onboard the RV Knorr
November 17, 2016

New research finds that changes in the strength of the Agulhas Current, since the early 1990s, has not increased, despite expectations based on rapidly warming sea surface temperatures. Instead, its flow has broadened due to more meanders and eddies.

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